This PSA about refugee parents and children stars Batman. It's remarkably sweet.

It's not often you see Batman outside of Gotham City, but here we are. In Lebanon. With Batman.

Image via War Child Holland/YouTube.

The photos of children happily playing with the superhero in a Lebanese refugee camp are heartwarming enough without explanation, which is why they recently went viral on Reddit (though the Reddit headline said this was a Syrian refugee camp, it's actually in Lebanon).


But where did they come from? More importantly, is there video?

Oh you bet there's a video.

All GIFs from War Child Holland/YouTube.

The video was produced by a refugee-focused nongovernmental organization called War Child Holland and features a real 8-year-old refugee child named Kadar playing with his hero.

Batman gives Kadar rides around the refugee camp on his shoulders.

They play soccer...

...and Batman even lets Kadar win an arm-wrestling contest.

They sing songs around a campfire...

...and fly kites in open fields.

As if the video weren't heartwarming enough, it ends on a seriously sentimental note.

It turns out Kadar's best friend and hero wasn't really Batman at all.

It was his father all along.

The goal of the video was to show just how important the bond between children and their parents can be. The constant stress of war and uncertainty can make it hard to keep that bond strong. That's what makes the work War Child does so important.

"We want to show that fantasy is often the only way to escape reality for these children who are affected by war," wrote Veronique Hoogendoorn, War Child's director of marketing, communications, and fundraising, in a press release. "The work of War Child is needed to help these children process their experiences. 250 million children worldwide grow up in war. We help hundreds of thousands of children with psychosocial support, protection and education."

Millions of people, millions of families, have been displaced because of ongoing war and there's a lot we can do to help support them. Supporting organizations like War Child, the UN High Commission on Refugees, and Save the Children is a great way to give back and give kids who've been through a lot a shot at life.

Watch the video below:

Check out the behind the scenes details on War Child's website.

We know that mammals feed their young with milk from their own bodies, and we know that whales are mammals. But the logistics of how some whales make breastfeeding happen has been a bit of a mystery for scientists. Such has been the case with sperm whales.

Sperm whales are uniquely shaped, with humongous, block-shaped heads that house the largest brains in the animal world. Like other cetaceans, sperm whale babies rely on their mother's milk for sustenance in their first year or two. And also like other cetaceans, a sperm whale mama's nipple is inverted—it doesn't stick out from her body like many mammals, but rather is hidden inside a mammary slit.

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Images courtesy of John Scully, Walden University, Ingrid Scully
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Since March of 2020, over 29 million Americans have been diagnosed with COVID-19, according to the CDC. Over 540,000 have died in the United States as this unprecedented pandemic has swept the globe. And yet, by the end of 2020, it looked like science was winning: vaccines had been developed.

In celebration of the power of science we spoke to three people: an individual, a medical provider, and a vaccine scientist about how vaccines have impacted them throughout their lives. Here are their answers:

John Scully, 79, resident of Florida

Photo courtesy of John Scully

When John Scully was born, America was in the midst of an epidemic: tens of thousands of children in the United States were falling ill with paralytic poliomyelitis — otherwise known as polio, a disease that attacks the central nervous system and often leaves its victims partially or fully paralyzed.

"As kids, we were all afraid of getting polio," he says, "because if you got polio, you could end up in the dreaded iron lung and we were all terrified of those." Iron lungs were respirators that enclosed most of a person's body; people with severe cases often would end up in these respirators as they fought for their lives.

John remembers going to see matinee showings of cowboy movies on Saturdays and, before the movie, shorts would run. "Usually they showed the news," he says, "but I just remember seeing this one clip warning us about polio and it just showed all these kids in iron lungs." If kids survived the iron lung, they'd often come back to school on crutches, in leg braces, or in wheelchairs.

"We all tried to be really careful in the summer — or, as we called it back then, 'polio season,''" John says. This was because every year around Memorial Day, major outbreaks would begin to emerge and they'd spike sometime around August. People weren't really sure how the disease spread at the time, but many believed it traveled through the water. There was no cure — and every child was susceptible to getting sick with it.

"We couldn't swim in hot weather," he remembers, "and the municipal outdoor pool would close down in August."

Then, in 1954 clinical trials began for Dr. Jonas Salk's vaccine against polio and within a year, his vaccine was announced safe. "I got that vaccine at school," John says. Within two years, U.S. polio cases had dropped 85-95 percent — even before a second vaccine was developed by Dr. Albert Sabin in the 1960s. "I remember how much better things got after the vaccines came out. They changed everything," John says.

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