Want to know why John makes more money than Jane? Watch this.

Paying the ladies. It's a pretty simple concept that America can't seem to get (at least according to all the data that say women still make 77 cents to every dollar a man makes). Not to worry though! John Oliver will help us.

There's this annoying little (big) problem in America called the gender pay gap. For those of you who don't know, that's the unfathomable reality that, on average, women in America earn less money than men for the same work. 77 cents to every $1 a man earns to be exact. The good news is that President Obama has said that he cares very deeply about the gender pay gap and is determined to fix it.

But did you know that even the White House has a problem with paying women the same as men?


Yep. Female White House staffers were paid 88 cents for every $1 paid to male staffers. When that little oversight was discovered, the media quickly turned to doing what they do best: debating. Is the gender wage gap actually 88 cents? What about 81 cents? Is it 9%? Or 5-7 cents? John Oliver rightly compared that debate to arguing over someone taking a dump on your desk. Should the amount really matter?

The point is that even in the White House of the United States of America, it seems to be really hard for women to get paid equally. Of course, some people think they have the problem all figured out. The problem is ... drumroll, please ... women!

Women are to blame because they choose to have kids and also choose to enter low-paying professions. So, if we follow that logic, it should mean that if women didn't have children and entered into the same profession as men, there would be no pay gap, right? Wrong. According to the American Association of University Women, the pay gap exists in nearly every profession and affects women who don't have children, not just the moms. Other facts about it? It exists in every single state in the country, grows with age, can't be remedied by higher education, and is worse for women of color. And in case fact-based research isn't enough, there's this cheerful (if cheerful means depressing) anecdote:

A recent study out of Yale presented identical resumes to professors with the only difference being the name: Jennifer or John. What do you think happened? The male candidate was offered, on average, $4,000 more than the female candidate and received more favorable reviews. We have a problem.

So how do we fix it? Well, we can do nothing, or we can buckle down and address pay equity from a serious policy and systems standpoint (introducing new laws, changing corporate practices, talking frankly about sexism in the workplace, sharing more stories so that women feel empowered to negotiate more aggressively, etc.). That's it. Those are our options. (Well, actually, John Oliver does have one more suggestion that makes it worth watching the video to see. Trust me. It involves the term "Ladybucks." You need to see it.)

Now go share this video with all the ladies you know who work hard for the money — and all the men who better treat her right. Or, you know, just EVERYONE.

More
True
Ultraviolet

On an old episode of "The Oprah Winfrey Show" in July 1992, Oprah put her audience through a social experiment that puts racism in a new light. Despite being nearly two decades old, it's as relevant today as ever.

She split the audience members into two groups based on their eye color. Those with brown eyes were given preferential treatment by getting to cut the line and given refreshments while they waited to be seated. Those with blue eyes were made to put on a green collar and wait in a crowd for two hours.

Staff were instructed to be extra polite to brown-eyed people and to discriminate against blue-eyed people. Her guest for that day's show was diversity expert Jane Elliott, who helped set up the experiment and played along, explaining that brown-eyed people were smarter than blue-eyed people.

Watch the video to see how this experiment plays out.

Oprah's Social Experiment on Her Audience www.youtube.com

Culture
via Cadbury

Cadbury has removed the words from its Dairy Milk chocolate bars in the U.K. to draw attention to a serious issue, senior loneliness.

On September 4, Cadbury released the limited-edition candy bars in supermarkets and for every one sold, the candy giant will donate 30p (37 cents) to Age UK, an organization dedicated to improving the quality of life for the elderly.

Cadbury was prompted to help the organization after it was revealed that 225,000 elderly people in the UK often go an entire week without speaking to another person.

Keep Reading Show less
Well Being

Young people today are facing what seems to be greater exposure to complex issues like mental health, bullying, and youth violence. As a result, teachers are required to be well-versed in far more than school curriculum to ensure students are prepared to face the world inside and outside of the classroom. Acting as more than teachers, but also mentors, counselors, and cheerleaders, they must be equipped with practical and relevant resources to help their students navigate some of the more complicated social issues – though access to such tools isn't always guaranteed.

Take Dr. Jackie Sanderlin, for example, who's worked in the education system for over 25 years, and as a teacher for seven. Entering the profession, she didn't anticipate how much influence a student's home life could affect her classroom, including "students who lived in foster homes" and "lacked parental support."

Dr. Jackie Sanderlin, who's worked in the education system for over 25 years.

Valerie Anglemyer, a middle school teacher with more than 13 years of experience, says it can be difficult to create engaging course work that's applicable to the challenges students face. "I think that sometimes, teachers don't know where to begin. Teachers are always looking for ways to make learning in their classrooms more relevant."

So what resources do teachers turn to in an increasingly fractured world? "Joining a professional learning network that supports and challenges thinking is one of the most impactful things that a teacher can do to support their own learning," Anglemyer says.

Valerie Anglemyer, a middle school teacher with more than 13 years of experience.

A new program for teachers that offers this network along with other resources is the WE Teachers Program, an initiative developed by Walgreens in partnership with ME to WE and Mental Health America. WE Teachers provides tools and resources, at no cost to teachers, looking for guidance around the social issues related to poverty, youth violence, mental health, bullying, and diversity and inclusion. Through online modules and trainings as well as a digital community, these resources help them address the critical issues their students face.

Jessica Mauritzen, a high school Spanish teacher, credits a network of support for providing her with new opportunities to enrich the learning experience for her students. "This past year was a year of awakening for me and through support… I realized that I was able to teach in a way that built up our community, our school, and our students, and supported them to become young leaders," she says.

With the new WE Teachers program, teachers can learn to identify the tough issues affecting their students, secure the tools needed to address them in a supportive manner, and help students become more socially-conscious, compassionate, and engaged citizens.

It's a potentially life-saving experience for students, and in turn, "a great gift for teachers," says Dr. Sanderlin.

"I wish I had the WE Teachers program when I was a teacher because it provides the online training and resources teachers need to begin to grapple with these critical social issues that plague our students every day," she adds.

In addition to the WE Teachers curriculum, the program features a WE Teachers Award to honor educators who go above and beyond in their classrooms. At least 500 teachers will be recognized and each will receive a $500 Walgreens gift card, which is the average amount teachers spend out-of-pocket on supplies annually. Teachers can be nominated or apply themselves. To learn more about the awards and how to nominate an amazing teacher, or sign up for access to the teacher resources available through WE Teachers, visit walgreens.com/metowe.

WE Teachers
True
Walgreens
via KGW-TV / YouTube

One of the major differences between women and men is that women are often judged based on their looks rather than their character or abilities.

"Men as well as women tend to establish the worth of individual women primarily by the way their body looks, research shows. We do not do this when we evaluate men," Naomi Ellemers Ph.D. wrote in Psychology Today.

Dr. Ellers believes that this tendency to judge a woman solely on her looks causes them to be seen as an object rather than a person.

Keep Reading Show less
Culture