Been Feeling Irritable And Exceptionally Lazy? Acting Like You're Drunk? Here's How To Fix That.

I used to say sleep is overrated because I didn't get enough of it, and I figured: Why not embrace the tiredness? It's a pithy line, but science backs up the bags under my eyes and says it's not overrated.

In fact, sleep is quite important. Let's talk details.

We know, it hurts.


Not getting enough sleep is rough. You can feel cranky, easily distracted, and, well, tired. How much sleep do you need? What if you're "behind" on sleep? Is it actually possible to "catch up?" (So many important questions!)

What's the right amount?

Researchers did a study and learned some stuff. They assigned groups of people to get four, six, or eight hours of sleep. After 14 days, they checked out how things were going. The participants who got eight hours of sleep showed few attention lapses or cognitive issues. Basically, their "I'm totally present!" game was on point.

The six-hour group "showed a similar reaction time to a person with the blood alcohol concentration of 0.1%, which is considered legally drunk." So yeah, that's not good for your ability to focus during important things like, say, driving.

And what about those who only got four hours? Well, some of those people actually fell asleep during their cognitive test. Whoops. So, basically, eight hours is better than six. And six is better than four. But there's more.

Watch and learn!

That's not all there is to discuss. Learn more, like whether you can catch up on sleep. And remember, sleep is not overrated.

Just a note that correlation doesn't always equal causation. Medical issues could cause people to sleep too little or too much, and those medical conditions could be related to increased mortality rates. Or it could be that not getting enough or getting too much sleep contributes to the greater likelihood of dying. So far, it's hard to say based on the studies that have been done. So I think I'll just err on the side of caution and try to get some more ZZZZs.

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Disney has come under fire for problematic portrayals of non-white and non-western cultures in many of its older movies. They aren't the only one, of course, but since their movies are an iconic part of most American kids' childhoods, Disney's messaging holds a lot of power.

Fortunately, that power can be used for good, and Disney can serve as an example to other companies if they learn from their mistakes, account for their misdeeds, and do the right thing going forward. Without getting too many hopes up, it appears that the entertainment giant may have actually done just that with the new Frozen II film.

According to NOW Toronto, the producers of Frozen II have entered into a contract with the Sámi people—the Indigenous people of the Scandinavian regions—to ensure that they portray the culture with respect.

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Though there was not a direct portrayal of the Sámi in the first Frozen movie, the choral chant that opens the film was inspired by an ancient Sámi vocal tradition. In addition, the clothing worn by Kristoff closely resembled what a Sámi reindeer herder would wear. The inclusion of these elements of Sámi culture with no context or acknowledgement sparked conversations about cultural appropriation and erasure on social media.

Frozen II features Indigenous culture much more directly, and even addressed the issue of Indigenous erasure. Filmmakers Jennifer Lee and Chris Buck, along with producer Peter Del Vecho, consulted with experts on how to do that respectfully—the experts, of course, being the Sámi people themselves.

Sámi leaders met with Disney producer Peter Del Vecho in September 2019.Sámediggi Sametinget/Flickr

The Sámi parliaments of Norway, Sweden and Finland, and the non-governmental Saami Council reached out to the filmmakers when they found out their culture would be highlighted in the film. They formed a Sámi expert advisory group, called Verddet, to assist filmmakers in with how to accurately and respectfully portray Sámi culture, history, and society.

In a contract signed by Walt Disney Animation Studios and Sámi leaders, the Sámi stated their position that "their collective and individual culture, including aesthetic elements, music, language, stories, histories, and other traditional cultural expressions are property that belong to the Sámi," and "that to adequately respect the rights that the Sámi have to and in their culture, it is necessary to ensure sensitivity, allow for free, prior, and informed consent, and ensure that adequate benefit sharing is employed."

RELATED: This aboriginal Australian used kindness and tea to trump the racism he overheard.

Disney agreed to work with the advisory group, to produce a version of Frozen II in one Sámi language, as well as to "pursue cross-learning opportunities" and "arrange for contributions back to the Sámi society."

Anne Lájla Utsi, managing director at the International Sámi Film Institute, was part of the Verddet advisory group. She told NOW, "This is a good example of how a big, international company like Disney acknowledges the fact that we own our own culture and stories. It hasn't happened before."

"Disney's team really wanted to make it right," said Utsi. "They didn't want to make any mistakes or hurt anybody. We felt that they took it seriously. And the film shows that. We in Verddet are truly proud of this collaboration."

Sounds like you've done well this time, Disney. Let's hope such cultural sensitivity and collaboration continues, and that other filmmakers and production companies will follow suit.

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