It's a boy! Duchess Kate Middleton gives birth to the 3rd royal baby. Here's what we know.

On Monday, April 23, Kate Middleton, the Duchess of Cambridge, gave birth to a son, weighing 8 pounds, 7 ounces.

The announcement was posted on the official Kensington Palace Twitter account, which noted that Prince William was on-site for the birth of the couple's third child. The new baby will join siblings Prince George and Princess Charlotte, who are 4 and 2 years old, respectively.

As is tradition, a birth notice was posted in the court in front of the palace, where it'll stay for 24 hours before being sent to the Privy Council Office for official recording.


Outside of Buckingham Palace, an announcement reads: "Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cambridge was safely delivered of a son at 11:01am today. Her Royal Highness and her child are both doing well." Photo by Dan Kitwood/Getty Images.

Congratulatory notes rolled in, with Prime Minister Theresa May wishing the couple "great happiness for the future."

For the first time in history, a princess wasn't moved down in the line of succession to the throne with the birth of a younger brother.

The new baby takes up the fifth spot in the line of succession, behind Prince Charles, Prince William, Prince George, and Princess Charlotte. Prince Harry was bumped from fifth to sixth.

In previous generations, a newborn prince would be placed ahead of his older sister in the line. A British law passed in 2015 changed that, meaning that Charlotte retains her spot as fourth on the list.

Why care about a royal baby in the year 2018? And isn't monarchy a bit dated? Sure, but the royal family has a history in recent years of using its influence for good.

The royal family doesn't actually wield that much power these days, functioning mostly as figureheads. Still, that doesn't mean they can't use their platforms to bring attention to causes that matter.

Prince William, Prince George, Duchess Kate, and Princess Charlotte in 2017. Photo by Patrik Stollarz/AFP/Getty Images.

For the past couple of years, Princes William and Harry, as well as Kate Middleton, have used their influence to try to spark important conversations about mental health care. Harry spoke out on his own mental health struggles, the two brothers shared a heartfelt conversation about what it was like to lose their mother at such a young age, and William chatted with Lady Gaga for the Heads Together campaign. In January, Middleton announced a new program focused on discussing mental health issues with schoolchildren.

It's one thing to see a little kid skateboarding. It's another to see a stereotype-defying little girl skateboarding. And it's entirely another to see Paige Tobin.

Paige is a 6-year-old skateboarding wonder from Australia. A recent video of her dropping into a 12-foot bowl on her has gone viral, both for the feat itself and for the style with which she does it. Decked out in a pink party dress, a leopard-print helmet, and rainbow socks, she looks nothing like you'd expect a skater dropping into a 12-foot bowl to look. And yet, here she is, blowing people's minds all over the place.

For those who may not fully appreciate the impressiveness of this feat, here's some perspective. My adrenaline junkie brother, who has been skateboarding since childhood and who races down rugged mountain faces on a bike for fun, shared this video and commented, "If I dropped in to a bowl twice as deep as my age it would be my first and last time doing so...this fearless kid has a bright future!"

It's scarier than it looks, and it looks pretty darn scary.

Paige doesn't always dress like a princess when she skates, not that it matters. Her talent and skill with the board are what gets people's attention. (The rainbow socks are kind of her signature, however.)

Her Instagram feed is filled with photos and videos of her skateboarding and surfing, and the body coordination she's gained at such a young age is truly something.

Here she was at three years old:

And here she is at age four:


So, if she dropped into a 6-foot bowl at age three and a 12-foot bowl at age six—is there such a thing as an 18-foot bowl for her to tackle when she's nine?

Paige clearly enjoys skating and has high ambitions in the skating world. "I want to go to the Olympics, and I want to be a pro skater," she told Power of Positivity when she was five. She already seems to be well on her way toward that goal.

How did she get so good? Well, Paige's mom gave her a skateboard when she wasn't even preschool age yet, and she loved it. Her mom got her lessons, and she's spent the past three years skating almost daily. She practices at local skate parks and competes in local competitions.

She also naturally has her fair share of spills, some of which you can see on her Instagram channel. Falling is part of the sport—you can't learn if you don't fall. Conquering the fear of falling is the key, and the thing that's hardest for most people to get over.

Perhaps Paige started too young to let fear override her desire to skate. Perhaps she's been taught to manage her fears, or maybe she's just naturally less afraid than other people. Or maybe there's something magical about the rainbow socks. Whatever it is, it's clear that this girl doesn't let fear get in the way of her doing what she wants to do. An admirable quality in anyone, but particularly striking to see in someone so young.

Way to go, Paige. Your perseverance and courage are inspiring, as is your unique fashion sense. Can't wait to see what you do next.

Images courtesy of John Scully, Walden University, Ingrid Scully
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Since March of 2020, over 29 million Americans have been diagnosed with COVID-19, according to the CDC. Over 540,000 have died in the United States as this unprecedented pandemic has swept the globe. And yet, by the end of 2020, it looked like science was winning: vaccines had been developed.

In celebration of the power of science we spoke to three people: an individual, a medical provider, and a vaccine scientist about how vaccines have impacted them throughout their lives. Here are their answers:

John Scully, 79, resident of Florida

Photo courtesy of John Scully

When John Scully was born, America was in the midst of an epidemic: tens of thousands of children in the United States were falling ill with paralytic poliomyelitis — otherwise known as polio, a disease that attacks the central nervous system and often leaves its victims partially or fully paralyzed.

"As kids, we were all afraid of getting polio," he says, "because if you got polio, you could end up in the dreaded iron lung and we were all terrified of those." Iron lungs were respirators that enclosed most of a person's body; people with severe cases often would end up in these respirators as they fought for their lives.

John remembers going to see matinee showings of cowboy movies on Saturdays and, before the movie, shorts would run. "Usually they showed the news," he says, "but I just remember seeing this one clip warning us about polio and it just showed all these kids in iron lungs." If kids survived the iron lung, they'd often come back to school on crutches, in leg braces, or in wheelchairs.

"We all tried to be really careful in the summer — or, as we called it back then, 'polio season,''" John says. This was because every year around Memorial Day, major outbreaks would begin to emerge and they'd spike sometime around August. People weren't really sure how the disease spread at the time, but many believed it traveled through the water. There was no cure — and every child was susceptible to getting sick with it.

"We couldn't swim in hot weather," he remembers, "and the municipal outdoor pool would close down in August."

Then, in 1954 clinical trials began for Dr. Jonas Salk's vaccine against polio and within a year, his vaccine was announced safe. "I got that vaccine at school," John says. Within two years, U.S. polio cases had dropped 85-95 percent — even before a second vaccine was developed by Dr. Albert Sabin in the 1960s. "I remember how much better things got after the vaccines came out. They changed everything," John says.

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