The real reason behind this year's warmer winter weather. (It’s not just global warming.)
It’s been a hot year — the hottest year on record, according to climate experts.
I know I’m not the only one thinking this doesn't feel like normal winter weather.
I spent Christmas Day this year wearing shorts. Shorts! And when I was packing for the holidays, I didn’t even bother throwing a jacket into my suitcase because the forecast showed a full week of balmy days with highs in the 80s.
The records show it, too: It's been a hot winter.
The good news, though, is that global warming isn’t solely responsible for the warm weather this month.
How does El Niño work? Every few years, the water in the Pacific Ocean gets a little warmer than usual during the winter. Greenhouse gases warm the Earth, oceans absorb that heat, and then El Niño drives up the temps a few extra degrees.
That little change in temperature patterns can spiral into massive changes in weather around the world, making certain areas (like the northern U.S.) drier and warmer while other places get a lot more rainfall.
Climate change has played a role in making our weather more extreme, though.
Some climate scientists are saying that global warming has "supercharged" El Niño, making this year's weather patterns waaay more intense than they'd usually be.
So we're seeing summery days in the middle of the winter — and worse. Across the globe, there have also been droughts, flooding, hurricanes, and fires.
In short, El Niño is the reason behind most of these weird weather events. Global warming is making that weather more powerful and destructive.
So no, you don’t have to worry about never seeing a snowy Christmas ever again because El Niños come and go.
But unless we can rein in greenhouse gases, you should probably expect to see more erratic, extreme weather in the future, too. Here's to a northeastern winter full of mittens, scarves, hot cocoa ... and shorts.